An rage farashin batir kwanan nan

微信图片_20211220142030 微信图片_20211220142038

Duniya duk don riba ce;duniya ta yi cunkoso, duk don riba.”

A gefe guda, makamashin hasken rana ba shi da iyaka. A daya hannun kuma, tsarin samar da wutar lantarki na hasken rana yana da kyau ga muhalli da kuma rashin gurɓatacce. Don haka, samar da wutar lantarki na photovoltaic yana daya daga cikin hanyoyi masu kyau na samar da wutar lantarki a nan gaba.

Duk wani nau'i na hanyar samar da wutar lantarki don auna ko ma zama na yau da kullun, dole ne a haɗa shi da Intanet.

Duk da haka, tashoshin wutar lantarki ba za su yi kasuwancin asara ba, samar da wutar lantarki na photovoltaic ba zai iya dogara ga tallafin gwamnati ga "Internet", rage farashin nasu shine mabuɗin.

A ranar 30 ga Nuwamba, hannun jari Longji ya daidaita ƙimar siliki ta monocrystalline, kuma farashin kowane girman wafer silicon ya faɗi da yuan 0.41 zuwa ~ 0.67 yuan / kwamfutar hannu, ƙasa daga 7.2% zuwa 9.8%.

A ranar Disamba 2, hannun jari na tsakiya ya ba da sanarwar cewa an yanke farashin wafer na silicon gabaɗaya,

An rage farashin kowane girman wafer silicon da yuan 0.52 zuwa yuan 0.72 / yanki, ko 6.04% zuwa 12.48%.

Rage farashin siliki wafer ya haifar da sabon zagaye na tattaunawa akan dabaru na hotovoltaic.Flying Whale yana nan don sake tsara sarkar masana'antar photovoltaic da kamfanoni masu alaƙa, da kuma gano jagorar gaba da dabaru na photovoltaic a gare ku.

Photovoltaic, wato, photoraw volt.Photovoltaic samar da wutar lantarki yana nufin sabuwar hanyar samar da wutar lantarki don canza hasken rana zuwa makamashin lantarki.Mabuɗin wannan fasaha shine ƙwayoyin rana.Kwayoyin hasken rana suna samar da babban yanki na kayan aikin hasken rana, kuma a ƙarshe suna yin aiki tare da mai sarrafa wutar lantarki don samar da na'urorin samar da wutar lantarki na hotovoltaic.

Sama na sarkar masana'antar photovoltaic shine masana'antun kayan aikin siliki.

Crystal silicon, silicon amorphous, GaAs, InP, da sauransu, ana iya amfani da su azaman kayan aikin hasken rana.

Crystal silicon photovoltaic ikon samar da wutar lantarki a halin yanzu shi ne mafi al'ada hanyar hasken rana ikon samar, crystal silicon hada da polysilicon da monocrystalline silicon.Monocrystalline silicon baturi hira yadda ya dace da kwanciyar hankali, amma high kudin;batirin polysilicon ƙananan kuɗi, amma rashin ingantaccen juzu'i.

Tare da ci gaba da haɓaka fasahar siliki ta monocrystalline, kason kasuwa na silicon monocrystalline ya wuce 90% a cikin 2020, fahimtar ƙarin maye gurbin polysilicon a cikin kasuwar wafer silicon.

A polysilicon masana'antu taro digiri ne high, tare da manyan Enterprises ciki har da GCL-Poly, Tongwei Yongxiang, Xintai Energy, Xinjiang Daquan da Oriental Hope.The monocrystalline silicon masana'antu gabatar da wani biyu oligarchy gasar juna, da kuma manyan kamfanoni ne Longji Shares da Zhonghuan hannun jari. .

Tsakanin tsaka-tsakin sarkar masana'antar photovoltaic shine galibin sel na hasken rana da masu kera samfurin hotovoltaic.

Kwayoyin Photovoltaic an rarraba su zuwa sel silicon crystalline da silin-film cell.Thin-film Kwayoyin su ne ƙarni na biyu na sel na hasken rana, tare da ƙarancin amfani da ƙarancin farashi, amma a halin yanzu akwai babban rata tare da ƙarni na farko na silicon hasken rana. sel dangane da ingantaccen juzu'i.

Kwayoyin siliki na Crystal sune sel na hoto na yau da kullun na yau da kullun, kuma sel-fim na bakin ciki suna aiki azaman ƙarin ƙari ga sel na hotovoltaic.

A cikin 2019, a cikin abubuwan samar da ƙwayoyin hasken rana na duniya, ƙwayoyin silicon crystalline sun yi lissafin kashi 95.37%, kuma sel-fim na bakin ciki sun sami kashi 4.63%.

Daga cikin batir ɗin fim na bakin ciki, ƙarfin jujjuyawar batirin fim ɗin bakin ciki na CIGS ya inganta cikin sauri a cikin 'yan shekarun nan.Kamfanonin kasar Sin da ke amfani da batirin fina-finan bakin ciki na CIGS sun hada da Hanergy, Fasahar Gine-gine ta kasar Sin Kaisheng, Shenhua da kuma rukunin Jinjiang.

Idan aka kwatanta da na sama, tsarin gasa na kasuwa na hotovoltaic yana da ɗan warwatse.A cikin 2019, manyan biranen masana'antu guda biyar sun kai 27.4%, daga cikinsu akwai hannun jarin Tongwei yana da kaso na kasuwan duniya na 10.1%, wanda hakan ya sa ya zama mafi girma a duniya photovoltaic. masana'anta cell.

Jagoran Hotuna na Photovoltaic yana da hannun jari na Jinko, JA da Longji. A cikin 'yan shekarun nan, kasuwa na kasuwa na samfurori na hoto ya haɓaka zuwa manyan kamfanoni, kuma alamar da haɗin kai yana da mahimmanci.

Daga 2011 zuwa 2020, sabon ikon da aka sanya na daukar hoto a kasar Sin da duniya ya ci gaba da girma.Ana sa ran cewa, sabon karfin da aka sanya na daukar hoto a duniya zai kai 300GW a shekarar 2025. Sabuwar karfin shigar da wutar lantarki ta kasar Sin zai kai kashi 35% na adadin duniya, tare da karuwar karuwar shekara-shekara kadan kadan fiye da matsakaicin duniya.

Bloomberg (Bloomberg) ta ruwaito cewa farashin na'urorin hasken rana ya fara faduwa a bana, yayin da China ta soke kusan megawatts 20 na karfin hasken rana a cikin gida a wannan watan.

Sakamakon haka shine cinkoson kayayyaki na duniya, kuma farashin yanzu yana faɗuwa da sauri.

Kasar Sin wadda ita ce babbar kasuwar hasken rana ta duniya, ta dakatar da sabbin ayyukan da za su iya samar da wutar lantarki kwatankwacin tashoshin nukiliya 20.

Wannan kasuwa ce ta masu saye saboda yawan samar da hasken rana a duniya, yayin da masu haɓakawa a wasu ƙasashe ke jinkirta sayayya, suna jiran farashi mai sauƙi.

Matsakaicin farashin samfuran polysilicon ya faɗi 4.79% tun daga ranar 30 ga Mayu, yana faɗuwar Laraba zuwa ƙarancin ƙima na 27.8 watt, a cewar PVInsights.

Zai kasance raguwa mafi girma a kowane wata tun watan Disamba na 2016, lokaci na ƙarshe da masana'antar ke fuskantar hauhawar farashin kayayyaki a duniya.

Kasar Sin tana samar da kashi 70 cikin 100 na na'urorin sarrafa hasken rana a duniya.


Lokacin aikawa: Dec-20-2021